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Cruise Directory : Glossary : B
• B = Beta
eta
Meaning
:
I am taking on or discharging explosives

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B/d

Barrels per day (measure of petroleum production).

B/L

Bill of lading, receipt of goods shipped onboard signed by Master (or agent) who contracts to carry them, stating terms on which goods are carried.

B/N

Booking note

B/p or BOP

Balance of payments.

BACKFREIGHT

the owners of a ship are entitled to payment as freight for merchandise returned through the fault of either the consignees or the consignors. such payment, which is Over and above the normal freight, is called backfreight.

BACKHAUL

a deviation to move cargo on the return leg of a voyage for the purpose of minimizing ballast mileage and thereby reducing transportation costs.

Backletter

Where a seller/shipper issues a 'letter of indemnity' in favour of the carrier in exchange for a clean bill of lading. May have only a limited value. Example: P & I problems.

Backstay

a support wire that runs from the top of the mast to the stern

BAF

Bunker Adjustment Factor. A Fuel Surcharge expressed as a percentage added or subtracted from the freight amount, reflecting the movement in the market place price for bunkers.

BAGGED CARGO

Various kinds of commodities usually packed in sacks or in bags, such as sugar, cement, milk powder, onion, grain, flour, etc.

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Bail

to remove water from the boat

BALE CAP.

Cubic capacity of a vessels holds to carry packaged dry cargo such as bales/pallets

Bale Capacity

Cubic capacity of a vessels holds to carry packaged dry cargo such as bales/pallets.

BALLAST

Heavy substances loaded by a vessel to improve stability, trimming, sea-keeping and to increase the immersion at the propeller. Sea water ballast is commonly' loaded in most vessels in ballast tanks, positioned in compartments right at the bottom and in

Ballast Bonus

Compensation paid by Charterer for (relatively long) ballast voyage

BALLAST BONUS

Compensation for relatively long ballast voyage

BALLAST MOVEMENT

A voyage or voyage leg made without any paying cargo in a vessel's tanks. To maintain proper stability, trim, or draft, sea water is usually carried during such movements.

BALLAST TANK

Compartments at the bottom of a ship or on the sides which are filled with liquids for stability and to make the ship seaworthy. any shipboard tank or compartment on a tanker normally used for carrying salt water ballast. when these Compartments or tanks are Not connected with the cargo system they are called segregated ballast tanks or systems.

BARE BOAT CHARTER

A charter in which the bare ship is chartered without crew; the charterer, for a stipulated sum taking over the vessel for a stated period of time, with a minimum of restrictions; the charterer appoints the master and the crew and pays all running expen

Bareboar Charter

Vessel contract where charterers take over all responsibility for the operation of the vessel and expenses for a certain period of time.

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BAREBOAT CHTR.

Bareboat Charter - Owners lease a specific ship and control its technical management and commercial operations only. Charterers take over all responsibility for the operation of the vessel and expenses for the duration.

BARGE

Flat-bottomed boat designed to carry cargo on inland waterways, usually without engines or crew accommodations. Barges can be lashed together and either pushed or pulled by tugs, carrying cargo of 60,000 tons or more. Small barges for carrying cargo bet

BARGE ABOARD CATAMARAN

a way of loading cargo into large Barges and then in turn loading the Barges into a ship.

BARGE CARRIERS

ships designed to carry either Barges or containers exclusively, or some variable number of Barges and containers simultaneously. Currently this class includes two types of vessels, the LASH and the SEABEE.

BATTEN DOWN

Secure hatches and loose objects both within the hull and on deck.

Battens

thin, stiff strips of plastic or wood, placed in pockets in the leech of a sail, to assist in keeping its form

BBB

Before Breaking Bulk. Refers to freight payments that must be received before discharge of a vessel commences

BC

Code of Safe Practice for Solid Bulk Cargoes

BDI

Baltic Dry Index

BDI

Both Dates Inclusive

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Beam

the width of the boat at its widest. Also called breadth.

Beam reach

a point of sail where the boat is sailing at a right angle to the wind

BEARING

The direction of an object expressed either as a true bearing as shown on the chart, or as a bearing relative to the heading of the boat.

Belay

- to make secure

BELOW

Beneath the deck.

BENDS

Both Ends (Load & Discharge Ports)

BENEFICIAL OWNERSHIP

Designates the owner who receives the benefits or profits from the operation.

Berth C/P

Term used in a voyage charter party, e.g. vessel shall proceed to Berth 2 at Falmouth.

BERTH CARGO

when a liner cargo vessel accepts extra cargo to fill up the empty space remaining.

BFI

Baltic Freight Index

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BI

Both Inclusive

BIGHT

the part of the rope or line, between the end and the standing part, on which a knot is formed. BILGE - the interior of the hull below the floor boards.

Bilge

the lowest part of a boat, designed to collect water that enters the boat

BILL OF LADING

a document by which the Master of a ship acknowledges having received in good order and condition (or the reverse) certain specified goods consigned to him by some particular shipper, and binds himself to deliver them in similar condition, unless the perils of the Sea, fire or enemies prevent him, to the consignees of the shippers at the point of destination on their paying him the stipulated freight. a bill of lading specifies the name of the Master, the port and destination of the ship, the goo4s, the consignee, and the rate of freight.

BIMCO

The Baltic and International Maritime Council

Bimcosale

The Bimco standard form of bill of sale

BITTER END

the last part of a rope or chain.The inboard end of the anchor rode.

BL1

Bale

BL2

(Bill of Lading) A document signed by the carrier which acts as a Contract of Affreightment, a receipt and evidence of title to the cargo.

BLACK CARGO

cargo banned by general cargo workers for some reason. this ban could be because the cargo is dangerous or hazardous to health.

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BLACK GANG

a slang expression referring to the personnel in the engine department aboard ship.

Block

a pulley

BLS

Bureau of Labor Statistics, department of Labor.

BM

Beam

BN

Booking Note

BOAT

a fairly indefinite term. a waterborne vehicle smaller than a ship. One definition is a small craft carried aboard a ship.

Boat Hook

a device designed to catch a line When coming alongside a pier or mooring

BOAT HOOK

a short shaft with a fitting At One end shaped to facilitate use in putting a line over a piling, recovering an object dropped overboard, or in pushing or fending off.

BOATSWAIN (BOSUN)

the highest unlicensed rating in the deck department who has immediate charge of All deck hands and who in turn comes under the direct orders of the Master or chief mate or mate.

BOB

Bunker on Board

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BOFFER

Best Offer

BOILERS

Steam generating units used aboard ship to provide Steam for propulsion (and) for heating and other auxiliary purposes.

Bolt Rope

a rope sewn into the luff of a sail for use in attaching to the standing rigging

Boom

the horizontal spar which the foot of a sail is attached to

Boom Vang

a line that adjusts downward tension on the boom

BOOT TOP

a painted line that indicates the designed waterline.

BOSVA 

British Offshore Support Vessel Owners Association

BOW

The forward part of a ship

Bow

the front of the boat

BOW LINE

a docking line leading from the bow.

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BOW THRUSTERS

a propeller at the lower Sea-covered part of the bow of the ship which turns at right angles to the fore-and-aft line and thus provides transverse thrust as a maneuvering aid.

BOWLINE

a knot used to form a temporary loop in the end of a line.

Bowspirt

a spar extending forward from the bow

BPI

Baltic Panamax Index

BREADTH

See Beam

BREAK BULK

The process of assimilating many small shipments into one large shipment at a central point so that economies of scale may be achieved; to commence discharge of cargo.

BREAKBULK VESSEL

A general, multipurpose, cargo ship that carriers cargoes of nonuniform sizes, often on pallets, resulting in labor-intensive loading and unloading; calls at various ports to pick up different kinds of cargoes.

Breast line

a docking line going at approximately a right angle from the boat to the dock

BRIDGE

The location from which a vessel is steered and its speed controlled. "Control Station" is really a more appropriate term for small craft.

BRIDLE

a line or wire secured At both ends in order to distribute a strain between two points.

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BRIGHTWORK

Varnished woodwork and/or polished metal.

BROA

British Rig Owners Association

Broach

to spin out of control, either causing or nearly causing a capsize.

Broad reach

a point of sail where the boat is sailing away from the wind, but not directly downwind

BROB

Bunkers Remaining on Board

Brokerage

Percentage of freight payable to broker (by owners in c/p's) or applicable to sale or purchase.

BSS

Basis

BSS 1/1

Basis 1 Port to 1 Port

BT

Berth Terms

BULK

cargo shipped in loose condition and of a homogeneous nature. cargoes that are shipped unpackaged either dry, such as grain and ore, or liquid, such as Petroleum products. Bulk service generally is Not provided on a regularly scheduled basis, but rather as needed, on specialized ships, transporting a specific commodity.

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BULK CARRIER

Ship specifically designed to transport vast amounts of cargoes such as sugar, grain, wine, ore, chemicals, liquefied natural gas; coal and oil. See also LNG Carrier, Tanker, OBO Ship.

BULKHEAD

a name given to any vertical partition which separates different Compartments or spaces from one another.

BUNDLING

This is the assembly of pieces of cargo, secured into one manageable unit. This is relevant to items such as Structural Steel, Handrails, Stairways etc. Whilst this is a very flexible description, a rule of thumb is to present cargo at a size easily handled by a large (20 tonne) fork lift.

BUNKERS

Name given for vessels Fuel and Diesel Oil supplies (Originates from coal bunkers)

BUOY

A floating object employed as an aid to mariners to mark the navigable limits of channels, their fairways, sunken dangers, isolated rocks, telegraph cables, and the like; floating devices fixed in place at sea, lake or river as reference points for navigation or for other purposes.

Buoy

An anchored float marking a position or for use as a mooring

BUOY

an anchored float used for marking a position on the water or a hazard or a shoal and for mooring.

BURDENED VESSEL

That vessel which, according to the applicable Navigation Rules, must give way to the privileged vessel. The term has been superseded by the term "give-way."

BV

Bureau Veritas (classification society)

BWAD

Brackish Water Arrival Draft

By the Lee

sailing with the wind coming from behind, and slightly to the side, that the sails are on

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