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Cruise Directory : Glossary : L
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L/C

Letter of Credit

L/T

Long tons (2,240 lbs.).

LAID-UP TONNAGE

Ships not in active service; a ship which is out of commission for fitting out, awaiting better markets, needing work for classification, etc.

LAKER

Type of ship which trades only in the Great Lakes of North America. They usually carry grain and ore cargoes.

LAN

local apparent noon (nautical),local area network

LANDBRIDGE

A system of through rates and service offered by a carrier for cargo shipments from a foreign port to a U.S. port, across U.S. land to another U.S. port and finally by sea to a foreign port destination.

LANE METER

A method of measuring the space capacity of Ro/Ro ships whereby each unit of space (Linear Meter) is represented by an area of deck 1.0 meter in length x 2.0 meters in width.

Lanyard

a line attached to any small object for the purpose of securing the object

LASH

Lighter aboard ship: a barge carrier designed to act as a shuttle between Ports, taking on and discharging barges.

LASH SHIPS

LASH stand for Lighter Aboard Ship. It is a specialized container ship carrying very large floating containers, or "lighters." The ship carries its own massive crane, which loads and discharges the containers over the stern. The lighters each have a cap

LAT

Latitude. The distance north or south of the equator measured and expressed in degrees.

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LATITUDE

the distance north or south of the equator measured and expressed in degrees.

LAY/CAN

Laydays/cancelling

LAYCAN

Laycan (Layday Cancelling Date)

Laytime

Time at charterers disposal for purpose of loading/discharging

LAYTIME

Time allowed by the shipowner to the voyage charterer or bill of lading holder in which to load and/or discharge the cargo. it is expressed as a number of days or hours or as a number of tons per day.

LAY-UP

Temporary cessation of trading of a ship by a shipowner during a period when there is a surplus of ships in relation to the level of available cargoes. this surplus, known as overtonnaging, has the effect of depressing freight rates to the extent that some shipowners no long find it economical to trade their ship, preferring to lay them up until there is a reversal in the trend.

LAZARETTE

A storage space in a boat's stern area.

LBP

length between perpendiculars

LBS

lifeboat stations

LCB

longitudinal centre of buoyancy

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LCD

liquid crystal display

LCF

longitudinal centre of flotation

LCR

Lowest Current Rate

LED

light emitting diode

LEE

The side sheltered from the wind

Leech

the back edge of a sail

LEEWARD

The direction away from the wind. Opposite of windward

LEEWAY

The sideways movement of the ship caused by either wind or current

LEL

lower explosive limit (lower flammable limit)

LEM

lower explosive mixture

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LEO

low earth orbit (satellite configuration)

LESS THAN CONTAINER LOAD

a consignment of cargo which is inefficient to fill a Shipping container. it is grouped with other consignments for the same destination in a container at a container freight station.

LF

Load Factor. Percentage of cargo or passengers carries e.g. 4,000 tons carried on a vessel of 10,000 capacity has a load factor of 40%

LIEN

Retention of property until outstanding debt is paid

LIFEBOAT

a specially constructed double ended boat which can withstand Heavy, rough seas.

LIFEBOAT DRILL

the Master of every vessel is bound by International law to make the officers, crew and passengers adequately acquainted with the procedures of lowering and the use of lifeboats in case of emergency.

Lifeline

a cable fence that surrounds the deck to assist in the prevention of crew falling overboard

LIGHT DISPLACEMENT TONNAGE

The weight of a ship's hull, machinery, equipment and spares. This is often the basis on which ships are paid for when purchased for scrapping. The difference between the loaded displacement and light displacement is the ship's deadweight.

LIGHTER

General name for a broad, flat-bottomed boat used in transporting cargo between a vessel and the shore. The distinction between a lighter and a barge is more in the manner of use than in equipment. The term "lighter" refers to a short haul, generally in connection with loading and unloading operations of vessels in harbor while the term "barge" is more often used when the cargo is being carried to its destination over a long distance.

LIGHTER ABOARD SHIP

An ocean ship which carries barges. these Barges are loaded with cargo, often at a variety of locations, towed to the ocean ship, Sometimes referred to as the mother ship, and lifted or, in some cases, floated on board. after the ocean crossing, the Barges are off-loaded and towed to their Various destinations. the ocean ship then receives a further set of Barges which have been assembled in readiness. this concept was designed to eliminate the need for specialized port equipment and to avoid transshipment with its consequent extra cost.

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LIGHTERAGE

charge for conveying cargo by lighters or barges.

LIGHTERING

conveying cargo with another vessel known as a Lighter from ship to shore, or vice versa.

LINE

rope and cordage used aboard a vessel.

LINER

a cargo-carrying ship which is operated between scheduled, advertised Ports of loading and discharge on a regular basis.

LINER SERVICE

Vessels operating on fixed itineraries or regular schedules and established rates available to all shippers. The freight rates which are charged are based on the shipping company's tariff or if the company is a member of a liner conference, the tariff o

List

the leaning of a boat to the side because of excess weight on that side

LLA

Local Lighthouse Authority

LLOYD'S REGISTER OF SHIPPING

British classification society.

LMT

local mean time

LNG

Liquefied Natural gas, or a carrier of LNG.

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LNG CARRIER

Liquefied natural gas carrier, perhaps the most sophisticated of all commercial ships. The cargo tanks are made of a special aluminum alloy and are heavily insulated to carry natural gas in its liquid state at a temperature of -2850F. The LNG ship costs

LO

lubricating oil

LOA

Length Overall of the vessel

Load Factor

Percentage of cargo or passengers carried e.g. 4000 tons carried on a vessel of 10000 capacity has a load factor of 40%

LOAD LINE

The line on a vessel indicating the maximum depth to which that vessel can sink when loaded with cargo. Also known as marks.

LOADED LEG

Subdivision of a ship's voyage during which the ship is carrying cargo.

LOC

letter of credit,letter of compliance (USCG)

LOF

Lloyds Open Form

LOG

A record of courses or operation. Also, a device to measure speed

LOI

Letter of Indemnity

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LOL

limitation of owner's liability, loss of life

LONG TON

2,240 pounds.

LONGITUDE

The distance in degrees east or west of the meridian at Greenwich, England

LOOKOUT

a member of the crew stationed on the forecastle, or on the bridge, whose duty it is to watch for any dangerous objects or for any other vessels heaving into sight.

LOP

line of position

LOR

letter of readiness

LOS

line of sight, Law of the Sea

LOW

Last Open Water

LP

liquid petroleum,low pressure

LPC

London Processing Centre

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LPG

Liquefied Petroleum gas, or a carrier of LPG.

LR

Lloyd's Register (classification society)

LS (or LUMPS)

Lumpsum Freight. Money paid to Shipper for a charter of a ship (or portion) up to stated limit irrespective of quantity of cargo

LSA

life saving appliances,Lloyd's standard form of salvage agreement; liner Shipping Agreements.

LSD

Lashed Secured Dunnaged

LST

local standard time

LT¹

Liner Terms

LT²

Long Ton = 1,016.05 kilogram (2,240 lbs)

LTD

light displacement tonnage, lost during transhipment

LTHH

Liner Terms Hook/Hook

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LUBBER'S LINE

a mark or permanent line on a compass indicating the direction forward parallel to the keel when properly installed.

Luff

the front edge of a sail, and the flapping in the wind of the front of the sail (luffing)

Lumpsum Freight

Money paid to shipper for charter of a ship (or portion) up to stated limit irrespective of quantity of cargo

LW

Low Water

LWL

length on water line , low water line

LYCN

Laycan (Layday Cancelling Date)

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